The COVID-19 infection initially became recognized three years back. The world has since seen a huge number of cases.
You have most likely had it – more than one time – if not several times – as has almost everybody you know.
Nevertheless, despite individuals who have contracted the virus and haven’t yet recognized it, there’re still plenty of individuals who have managed to avoid this virus.
I authored last year about individuals that haven’t yet been infected. Had they been resistant to a certain degree? Had they got a good inherited change? Did they simply steer clear of people and continue taking measures? Or were they fortunate enough to have their time come earlier than anticipated?
We still do not know why some individuals have managed to stay away from COVID-19 for so very long. Science is a sluggish process.
In 2020, a research took place at unheard of speeds to realize SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that leads to COVID-19) and create treatments and vaccines. But that degree of funding as well as collaboration is difficult to maintain in a community with a lot of beneficial aspects of study.
But today research has been carried out to determine if a genetic component explains the reason some individuals haven’t caught COVID-19. But although this research is vital, we should not lose focus on people that are experiencing the disease and its longer term effects.
Is immunity in the genes?
The COVID Human Genetic Effort, headed up by scientists in the US, has recruited individuals with known exposure to the disease, but who have not had it themselves. As an instance, that includes those who have resided in a household which has a confirmed case of COVID-19, or healthcare employees.
The researchers are going to examine their DNA and also search for unusual mutations that could clarify an apparent resistance to SARS-CoV-2. This might be a mutation in one of the cellular enzymes or receptors required for the disease to get into our cells, or a mutation in a gene involved in the immune system.
Research which seem to discover anomalies in our DNA, called genome-wide association studies, have actually been able to identify genetic mutations which make a number of individuals resistant to various other infections like norovirus and HIV (the winter vomiting bug). In case we determine the reasons why individuals become immune to a disease, we are able to then make use of the knowledge to avoid future outbreaks.
However could it be that straightforward? There’s no vaccine or treatment for norovirus, in spite of the fact that we understand the genetic mutations that protect a fortunate minority of individuals against the disease. The infamous “CRISPR babies” (a number of kids born in 2018 whose genomes had been modified in an effort to cause them to become immune to HIV) also got criticism for their questionable ethics, as well as illegal.
It’s feasible it isn’t a mutation in a single gene, but a combination of mutations in a number of genes which cause many individuals to become immune to COVID-19. It will be hard to harness this knowledge for anti-COVID-19 drugs as it will be hard to target multiple genes simultaneously without causing unwanted side effects.
Understanding the genetic mutations which result in individuals to be resistant to COVID-19 might supply useful insight into just how SARS-CoV-2 infects individuals and causes disease. Quite simply, it might be exciting scientifically, but clinically it might not be.
There is a small group of people who, based on scientists, are obviously immune to SARS-CoV-2. However, these studies will call for more research.
Time to shift focus?
Experts oftentimes get focused on the specifics of their investigation. It is always important to remember that there’re individuals on the opposite end of these infectious diseases.
Even though the SARS-CoV-2 virus will continue to infect individuals around the globe and it is continuously evolving into new variants, its severity continues to be considerably reduced because of highly effective vaccines.
In the meantime, an estimated 2 million people in the UK report in all COVID, of which almost one fifth have symptoms so intense that it considerably restricts their daily activities.
There’s disagreement between a few medical experts and medical professionals as to precisely what triggers long COVID, like microclots in chronic inflammation. and the blood Nevertheless, it is difficult to figure out why some individuals are affected, and exactly why others aren’t. Consequently, our focus must shift from studying the genetic determinants of immunity to SARS-CoV-2 to examining if some individuals could have a genetic predisposition to a potentially life threatening chronic illness.